3@Terms and definitions

3.1 standardization human resource
a person who carries out the tasks for standardization (see clause 5)

3.2 skill
experience and achievement on carring out a task, and capability and knowledge required for the task

3.3 skill card
a set of data for items of skill evaluation criteria on performance and capability

3.4 de jure standard
a standard developed by a public standardization organization

3.5 forum/consortium standard
a standard developed by a group called forum or consortium, that consists of interested members

3.6 de facto/company-product standard
a specification that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces, or a company specific convention that has been widely used within products on market

Note 3 Forum/consortium standards are sometimes classified into a private standard due to their unpublic standardization procedure. Company-product standards are sometimes called as private standards. In this standard, company-product standards do not include forum/consortium standards.

3.7 houserule
a specification used only within a specific organization

Note 4 A specific organization is a corporation, factory, etc.

3.8 leader
a person who takes major responsibility for assigned tasks, and for his/her subordinates and associates related

3.9 person in charge
a person who takes responsibility within his/her own scope of assigned tasks

3.10 assistant
a person who takes no responsibility for his/her tasks

3.11 strategy for standardization
A scheme for nations, organizations or individuals to maximize the benefits of standardization from their standardization's point of view.
In the scheme, objects to be standardized and not to bestandardized are clarified.
Regarding the objects to be standardized, organization, schedule, resources and procedures for the standardization are discussed and effective application and implementation of the developed standard are planned.

Note 5 Covering areas of the strategy depend on the subject that will plan the strategy and that will employ the strategy.
- In the task "1) Strategy planning for standardization" (see Table 1), activities of a nation or organization are planned considering the benefits of standardization from nation's or organization's point of view.
- In the task "2) Information collecting/analyzing/evaluating and tactics planning", activities of standardization groups of an organization are planned (tactics planning) in accordance with the plan discussed in the task 1).
- In the tasks 11) through 22), activity planns and guidelines for the groups of standards development are clarified in accordance with the tactics plan discussed in the task 2).

3.12 experience
history in which a person carried out his/her tasks passively or actively

3.13 achievement
objective progress as a result that a person carried out his/her tasks actively